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When Jesus was teaching of eternal life (Rich man and Lazarus, also Martha and Mary's brother Lazarus being raised from death) the people listening didn't think it was a new and novel idea: your soul lasts forever and you shall be judged.

Where is this taught in the Old Testament? I find Jesus telling the Saducees that "I am the God of Abraham, the God of Issac, and the God of Jacob", which is suggesting that Abraham, Issac and Jacob are not dead and gone (I was the God of Abraham, etc.).

Are there other places where it's made plain?

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Potential duplicate here: christianity.stackexchange.com/questions/112/… but I like the phrasing of this question more (I was tempted to ask something similar based on Job 7:21, it seems to indicate this idea of Eternal Life was not in the OT (at least during Job's time) – DTest Sep 6 '11 at 1:27
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I'm voting to close this question as off-topic because it is a very search type question, and necessarily based on disputable interpretations of those verses. – curiousdannii Mar 11 at 11:57

The fact that Job uses the term "sleep" infers the concept of awakening, resurrecting, or at least the opportunity to be made alive again. He speaks of death as final in chapter 9, but the next verse indicate life again. The true clue to eternal life, everlasting life is found in the book of beginning where it is clear man was originally created to live forever with God. Gen 3 enters the fall of man but also the foretaste of glory divine, the tree of life. Prior to the fall man was free to eat thereof. The restoration work of Jesus the Christ brings fallen man, now redeemed to a position of eternal life through Him. MATT, MRK, LU all speak of this life coming after death and John stresses its immediate availability.

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Salvation is often mentioned, and Psalms 9 carries the idea that the soul lives on after death, but the most direct teaching I could find is in Daniel 12:2

Daniel 12:2

And many of those who sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, Some to everlasting life, Some to shame and everlasting contempt.

Here are some of the more obvious teachings about the judgement:

Ps. 9:7

But the LORD shall endure forever; He has prepared His throne for judgment.

Ps. 50:4

He shall call to the heavens from above, And to the earth, that He may judge His people:

Eccl. 3:17

I said in my heart, “God shall judge the righteous and the wicked, For there is a time there for every purpose and for every work.”

Eccl. 11:9

... But know that for all these God will bring you into judgment.

Eccl. 12:14

For God will bring every work into judgment, Including every secret thing, Whether good or evil.

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