What distinction do The 10 Commandment have over other rules in the Bible?
Is breaking any of The 10 Commandments an immortal, unforgivable sin while other sins are not?
I just want to know the difference; why is there in a "top 10" list?
From a Baptistic perspective, there is very little difference between the 10 commandments and the other 603 rules and regulations of the Torah. Note: I'm specifically not addressing the extent to which the law of Moses still applies, as it is well covered elsewhere
While the 10 commandments are a succinct guide to right behavior, their popularity really only stems from that point. Taking a step back, most of the other Torahic Law deals with ceremonial functions - and if its choice between remembering "Don't Steal" and whether one needs to present a bull offering or a grain offering, which one would you promote? Likewise, the priest needs to know what's leprosy and what not, but "Don't commit adultery" has a much wider applicability.
A cursory reading of Leviticus will show that the bulk of the Torah concerns not how a person should act, but rather what kinds of offerings and atonements should be made to resolve things. Sure, there's the ScapeGoat, Baldness, rules about what does and does not constitute incest - but there's actually far less about personal behavior even in "the Law" than you might expect.
Indeed, when Jesus was asked, what is the most important, he didn't say "the 10 commandments." Rather,
His answer reflects several established Talmudic traditions:
What Jesus did was to emphasize the fact that love undergirds all of this.
The Ten Commandments are the only thing in the Bible that God wrote Himself, with His own finger. He did not trust any man to write it for Him. This shows how important these are.
Sin is breaking the 10 Commandments.
Whoever breaks the Ten Commandments deserves death.
But whoever truly repents from their sin and ask Jesus shall be forgiven. This is the reason why Jesus came to die. So that He would take the punishment of our sin so you wouldn't have to.
Breaking just 1 of these (the Sabbath) you are guilty of all.
Is keeping the law legalism? No, trying to attain salvation by keeping the law is. The function of the Law is to show you WHAT you are doing wrong, so that you can go to Jesus and be cleansed. Go to Jesus and SIN NO MORE, by not breaking God's Commandments. You keep the law because you do not wish to grieve Jesus anymore
God the Father and His Son Jesus, who is also God, DO NOT CHANGE.
The words of Jesus Himself:
Heaven and earth are still here. God's Law is still binding.
What happens with that which God blesses?
The Seventh Day, the LORD's day which HE blessed is the 4th Commandment.
In the Old Testament the Sabbath was kept:
Jesus kept the Sabbath:
But do we have to do what Jesus did?
Did the disciples keep the Sabbath?
Were the Gentiles willing to worship on Sabbath?
What day will be kept in Heaven and in the recreated new heaven and earth?
So throughout the Old Testament the Sabbath was kept. Jesus kept the Sabbath. The disciples kept the Sabbath. In the new heaven and earth the Sabbath shall be kept. Why should we not also keep it?
People said that the Law was changed by Jesus, but He Himself said in Matthew 5:17 that He did not come to abolish the LAW! Does the Bible talk about someone who would try to change the Law?
Antichrist would come and TRY to change times and laws. Interesting how the ONLY part of the LAW that has tried to be changed is the Commandment dealing with TIME.
The Law of God is still binding. Jesus offers forgiveness from your sins, the breaking of His Commandments. But He does not want you to abide in sin, but to abide in Him.
Who will be the people of God in the last days, who Satan is wroth with and are the remnant of the true church of God?
I will leave you with the words of Jesus.
I was putting this as a comment to DJ but I'll put it as part of my answer. In the Bible, Jesus was once asked what was asked here. "Which is the greatest of all the Commandments?" Obviously the Bible is composed of many commandments not just the 10 Commandments. Do they differ from the others or are they just done away with? Let's see what Jesus answers.
Jesus says on these two hang ALL THE LAW AND THE PROPHETS (Old Testament). So everything else goes back to this. Now let's see the Ten Commandments (Exodus 20:3-17):
If you look closely, Commandments 1 - 4 ARE The First Great Commandment because they show HOW you love your God.
Likewise, Commandments 5 - 10 ARE The Second Great Commandment because they show HOW you love your neighbor as yourself.
How are the 10 Commandments and the other commandments different? Here are a few differences between the Law of God (10 Commandments), and the Law of Moses (other Commandments) in question answer form.
What is it called?
Law of Moses - Called "Law contained in ordinances"
Law of God - Called "the Royal law"
Where was it written and by whom?
Law of Moses - Written by Moses in a book
Law of God - Written by God on stone
Where was in Placed?
Law of Moses - Placed in the side of the ark
Law of God - Placed inside the ark(Which represents the very throne of God)
When did it end?
Law of Moses - Ended at the cross
Law of God - Will stand forever
What was its purpose?
Law of Moses - Added because of sin
Law of God - Points out sin
Is it grievous to us?
Law of Moses - Contrary to us, against us
Law of God - Not grievous
Law of Moses - Judges no man
Law of God - Judges all men
Spiritual or carnal?
Law of Moses - Carnal
Law of God - Spiritual
The Bible most assuredly shows that there is a BIG difference between the Law of God (10 Commandments) and the Law of Moses (ordinances). If there was no difference the Bible would be contradicting itself speaking about the Law in one way in one place, and in another way somewhere else. However, the Bible IS the Word of God, and it does NOT contradict itself, therefore there IS a difference between the 10 Commandments and the ordinances given to Moses (the law of Moses).
The 10 commandments were written by the hand of God personally.
Those Laws are just as cogent today as they were when God gave them to Moses on the mount.
Jesus did not do away with any Old Testament Law instead he fulfilled them, that is why he is the Lord of the Sabbath.
To try to say that any Law is more important than another is not possible since the penalty for disobedience is the same no matter what law you break, and that penalty is death.
That is the reason we need a Savior and the reason Jesus sacrificed himself on the cross.
Disobedience of God is not like disobeying your parents when you were young. Telling a white lie is in God's eyes no lesser a crime than murder.
The Ten Commandments are the stipulations of the Covenant between God and Israel and not just laws. See Deuteronomy 4: 13. It is the only words that all Israel heard God speak and therefore incontestable. See Deuteronomy 5: 22.