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How do one get to be in Christ? Is it same as to be righteous before God? I consider Romans 8:1 as axiom.

Therefore, there is now no condemnation for those who are in Christ Jesus,

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It's just an alternative way to express that you have accepted Christ as Savior. It generally is used communally --"together in Christ" -- representing the way Christian belief unifies us.

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That little word in is packed with profundity, significance, and comfort for believers in Jesus Christ.

One way of approaching this little word is via one of the many names for the Church Universal: the Body of Christ. A body, of course, is composed of many parts (viz., appendages and external and internal organs), and so it is with Christ's body, the church, of which He is the Head. All of the parts of the physical body are in the body and are thus joined to the whole body. Each part has its function, but they all function together. The main point of the analogy of the body can be summed up, I feel, in the expression

"Unity within Diversity."

To be in Christ, then, is to be a part of His body.

Theologically, the word in signifies where a believer is, positionally in the eyes of God; namely, in Christ. To be in Christ is to be united with Christ in His righteousness.

"For God made Him who knew no sin to be sin on our behalf, so that we might become the righteousness of God in Him" (2 Corinthians 5:21, my emphasis).

We who are sinners saved by grace are anything but righteous. Moreover, Isaiah tells us that

"For all of us have become like one who is unclean, And all our righteous deeds are like a filthy garment; And all of us wither like a leaf, And our iniquities, like the wind, take us away" (64:6).

In other words, even the best we have to offer God cannot outweigh in the divine scale of justice our uncleanness, filthiness, and iniquities. Along comes Jesus, however, and His righteousness tips the scale in the opposite direction, so to speak.

Think of a zillion-pound weight being on one side of the teeter totter. That's our sin. Our righteous deeds piled up to the sky on the opposite side utterly fail to budge the zillion-pound weight one scintilla.

Jesus' cross death, however, means that God, when He imputes our sin to Jesus and then in turn imputes Jesus' righteousness to us when we believe, tipped the teeter totter as far as it can go in the opposite direction, as if the zillion-pound weight were but a feather! Aren't you glad you're in Christ? There is no safer place to be in all the universe, because when God sees us, He sees us in His Son. And as Paul reminds us,

"Whoever is in Christ is a new creation: the old has passed away, and all things have become new" (2 Corinthians 5:17, my emphasis).

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So to be in christ means that we are become righteousness of God in him through faith given to me? This faith is faith in Him? –  laovultai Oct 30 '13 at 17:19
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@laovultai: Yes, you expressed the thought very well. God gives us the faith to believe that Jesus died for us (Ephesians 2:8,9). Once we believe and trust that God will do as He promises, our sin-debt is gone and God credits us with Jesus' righteousness. God's charges against us because of our sins are nailed to Jesus' cross, and we no longer bear any condemnation in Christ (Colossians 2:14)! –  rhetorician Oct 31 '13 at 2:59
    
@rhetorician.. Does God give faith to believe the fact that Jesus died for me, or to believe in Him, or to believe that God will do as He promises or all of them? Is the promise of God that you mentioned, promise that our sin-debt is gone and God credits us with Jesus' righteousness, when we are given faith? –  laovultai Nov 5 '13 at 21:43
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I think "all of them" is my answer, though they need not be in any particular order. Each of us believes in Jesus and receives Jesus in slightly different ways. God is not as interested, I believe, in how or when you come to Jesus, or even in the words you use to ask Him to save you. The Holy Spirit has a way of nudging us and encouraging us to listen to, and obey, His promptings. The tax collector's prayer (Lk 18:13) is a great one. In English, it's only seven words long: "God be merciful to me, a sinner." What did Jesus say of him? He went home justified; his God-given faith saved him. –  rhetorician Nov 5 '13 at 23:55
    
I have recently thought that we are saved by faith in Jesus, but you said that faith is in the fact that Jesus died for us. –  laovultai Nov 6 '13 at 9:01
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