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In Sunday school this week we discussed (among several other things) the sacrifice of Isaac.

The teacher pointed us to a footnote that appears in several editions of the scripture. It seems that scholars think that Mount Moraiah, where Abraham was told to go to sacrifice his son is now the location of the Dome of the Rock, which makes it the historic location of the temple, and just a few hundred yards from the historic location of Golgotha.

What historic, archeological and traditional evidence is available to confirm (or even refute), this theory?

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This question has an open bounty worth +50 reputation from Nathaniel ending in 6 days.

Looking for an answer drawing from credible and/or official sources.

An answer that provides a summary, with references, of biblical evidence, Jewish tradition, and archaeological findings (in support or against) would be ideal.

Good question! Jewish tradition based on 2 Chronicles 3: 1 holds that the Temple Mount is the same place as 'land of Moriah'. What bothers me is the use of 'land' and 'mount' but I'll ask at the Hermeneutic site. They know all about this stuff. –  gideon marx Oct 8 '13 at 18:10
The Mount ('har') of Moriah was in the Land ('eretz') of Moriah. That this was 'the' mountain and not another one is based on tradition and the belief in divine guidance. It is interesting that the Mishnah places the soul of Abraham in Mount Moriah. (Taanith 2: 4) indicating a very old tradition. –  gideon marx Oct 9 '13 at 7:03

1 Answer 1

According to http://www.weseejesus.com/bibledictionary/moriah.html

The land in which was situated the mount on which Abraham was told to offer his son Isaac. Gen. 22: 2. The name of the mountain is not recorded. On the third day after leaving Beer-sheba, Abraham saw the mount afar off, and it was doubtless some lonely spot suitable for such an incident. The Jews say it was the mount bearing this name in Jerusalem. The Samaritans and some modern authorities judge it to have been Gerizim; but it is unknown.

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Pretty good use of internal Biblical evidence. I think a great answer would also use external archeological evidence, or confirm that such evidence does not exist. –  dleyva3 Dec 3 '13 at 0:33
Beersheba is about 35-40 miles away from Jerusalem. Would that have been a 3-day journey on foot in that landscape at that time? –  Steve May 10 '14 at 4:32

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