I read an article yesterday about Pope Francis announcing a day of fasting on Sept. 7th for the situation in Syria. According to Catholic/Orthodox/Anglican doctrine, exactly how does my fasting affect violent situations in the middle East?
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Our own wickedness is the cause of the wickedness around the world. Personal fasting is a sign of personal repentance that, it is hoped, will lead God to mitigate similar evils in the world.
In making this proclamataion, he joins thousands of others in explicitly seeing the fallen condition of the world not merely a result of some generic sin, but our sin. In calling us to fast, he is calling us to repent of our part in making this world a fallen place.
During the American Civil War, Abraham Lincoln called us to a similar fast. He asked the nation to "fast and humble" itself as an outward manifestation of our repentance. The full text can be seen here. Within that, he wrote a justification as follows:
In a nutshell - God is punishing us by bringing these events to come to pass. Maybe if we show our contrition for what we have done, God will relent.
The idea is both simple and has a long basis in history.
Indeed, Paul, in Romans acknowledges the link, in Romans 1:
The people of Nineveh, when confronted by Jonah (in Chapter 3), made almost the exact same leap:
The logic is simple:
It's not the fasting that affects violent situations in the Middle East, it's what God leads you to do next.
Fasting is a spiritual discipline that helps you focus on God. It's a sacrifice that underscores the seriousness of your prayers. Hunger reminds you to pray and meditate. God responds to prayer by guiding you to actions that you can take to help. You can also choose to donate the money you'd be spending on food to a relevant organization.
If you choose to fast on Sept. 7, you will be a part of a large group of people who are asking God for peace in Syria. God responds by guiding people to their part in the solution. Peace happens when we all do our part.
I would add by giving this premise
in Matt 18:18 - “Truly I tell you, whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven."
Our prayers affect the spiritual realm which in turn affect the physical realm. For example I imagine that SOME denomination's prayer on Sept 7 would go something along the lines of "We bind the works of the enemy and release the spirit of hope and love..."
In Daniel 10:12-14 - tells how an Angel was on his way to answer Daniel's prayer but was delayed the prince of persia (not a real prince but a spiritual power over persia) again the principle holds true.
We pray in the physical the words are reflected in the spiritual realm the spiritual realm resolves it (God does what he needs to do) it is manifested in the physical in the form of miracles and answered prayer
While this applies to prayer in general, keep in mind that fasting IS prayer + abstinence so this principle should also apply. The logical next question would be what would fasting do that regular prayer can't?
From what I've read of scripture, fasting is almost a forsaking of your personal well being for the supplication of another or situation or circumstance. If prayer is potent, fasting is even more so. It is clear with many examples in the Old testament and today (just ask for testimonies of many Christians who fast) that fasting is almost like a more potent version of prayer. (this is just by observation so I can't give you any imperical evidence im afraid).
The greater the need the greater the supplication just like in Mark 9. The disciples could not cast out the demon (even though they could in previous instances) what's different in Mark 9 was the boy was possessed over a long period of time. in verse 23 Jesus famously says "this kind can only be cast out by prayer and fasting".