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Every other living beings are created for humans. But, there are thousands of species in earth and humans consume 0.1% (a very small percentage)of these species. Why? Also there are so many food chains in which humans are not a part, why is it so? Why some animals kill some others, how can they kill other ones as they have no right to do it? How can these facts be explained based on Bible?

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closed as unclear what you're asking by wax eagle Aug 19 '13 at 20:05

Please clarify your specific problem or add additional details to highlight exactly what you need. As it's currently written, it’s hard to tell exactly what you're asking. See the How to Ask page for help clarifying this question.If this question can be reworded to fit the rules in the help center, please edit the question.

I find this a bit of a strange question. Simply because humans don't eat an animal (or eat an animal that eats the other animal, etc) doesn't mean that the animal does nothing useful for us... – Mason Wheeler Aug 19 '13 at 19:36
up vote 3 down vote accepted

Good question Arun, According to many individuals take on the Bible, it would be perfectly fine to eat humans. However the Bible says

"Now the Spirit expressly says that in latter times some will depart from the faith, giving heed to deceiving spirits and doctrines of demons, speaking lies in hypocrisy, having their own conscience seared with a hot iron, forbidding to marry, and commanding to abstain from foods which God created to be received with thanksgiving by those who believe and know the truth. For every creature of God is good, and nothing is to be refused if it is received with thanksgiving; 5 for it is sanctified by the word of God and prayer" (1 Timothy 4:1-5)

Many individuals think this passage means we can eat anything under the sun, including humans. But notice verse 5 which tells us the conditions of what we can and cannot eat. It must be

  1. Sanctified by prayer
  2. Sanctified (declared as holy or clean) by the word of God

Thus based on item 2 it must meet the test of the Bible first, the Bible says...

"These are the animals which you may eat among all the animals that are on the earth: Among the animals, whatever divides the hoof, having cloven hooves and chewing the cud—that you may eat. Nevertheless these you shall not eat among those that chew the cud or those that have cloven hooves: the camel, because it chews the cud but does not have cloven hooves, is unclean to you" (Leviticus 11:2-4)

Since humans neither chew the cud nor have a divided hoof that makes us unclean and God says we shall not eat other humans. Leviticus 11 also applied to non-Jews like Noah see Genesis 7:1-2, so we know this law in Leviticus is not just for Jews). A full study on this is here -

In fact I highly recommend the whole series of study guides -

Hope that helps!

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Not everything needs to be edible in order to be useful. Jesus entered Jerusalem on the back of a donkey, who was undoubtedly a useful animal - but donkeys are not kosher (just like horses, camels, and so forth). Modern ecology also shows us that other species have their uses in the environment as a whole, even if we humans do not interact with them directly. Scripture is clear that even the most insignificant of creatures has its place in God's plan, and he cares for each of them: Matthew 6:25ff is a good New Testament example of this theme, but the prophets and the wisdom literature are also full of praise for God's mastery of the universe (Psalm 104, say).

As well as the obvious mundane uses, animals and other creatures may serve as moral examples. Take Job 38:39-41 (NRSV) for just one instance:

Can you hunt the prey for the lion, or satisfy the appetite of the young lions, when they crouch in their dens, or lie in wait in their covert? Who provides for the raven its prey, when its young ones cry to God, and wander about for lack of food?

Typically, people do not eat lions or ravens, and both species are non-kosher. Despite the fact that they are carnivorous - and worse yet, carrion-eaters - God uses them to teach us a lesson. Likewise Isaiah 43:20-22,

The wild animals will honor me, the jackals and the ostriches; for I give water in the wilderness, rivers in the desert, to give drink to my chosen people, the people whom I formed for myself so that they might declare my praise. Yet you did not call upon me, O Jacob; but you have been weary of me, O Israel!

All of these creatures are seen as part of God's design, even if they do things which would be immoral for us to do. We, uniquely, have moral responsibility to not act like wild beasts, since we alone are made in the image of God. Animals do not know good and evil; they do not sin, even though they may be dangerous to one another and to us.

Augustine (On Genesis against the Manichees, 1.25-26; trans. Roland J. Teske, Catholic University of America Press, 1991) summarizes God's wisdom in creation as follows:

All things are beautiful to their creator and maker, who uses them all for governing the universe which he rules by his supreme law. For if an untrained person enters the workshop of an artisan, he sees many tools whose uses he does not know, and if he is quite stupid, he thinks they are superfluous. Moreover, if he carelessly falls against the kiln or injures himself, while mishandling some sharp piece of iron, he thinks that the shop contains many dangerous and harmful things. Still, since the artisan knows their uses, he laughs at his visitor's foolishness and goes about his work, not paying attention to his silly comments. [...] In this world, of which God is proclaimed the creator and governor, [some men] dare to find fault with many things whose purposes they do not see, and they want to appear to know what they do not know in the works and tools of the Almighty Artisan.


Surely all living things are either useful for us, or harmful, or superfluous. They have nothing to say against the useful things. From the harmful we draw punishment or training or fear. As a result we do not love and desire this life that is subject to many dangers and toils, but another better life where there is supreme security, and we obtain it for ourselves by the merits of our piety. Why do we need to ask about superfluous things? If you are displeased that they are not to our advantage, be pleased that they are not to our disadvantage. Though they are not necessary for our house, they nonetheless complete the integrity of this universe which is much greater and much better than our house. For God governs this universe much better than each of us governs his own house.

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