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2 Nephi 9:6:

For as death hath passed upon all men, to fulfil the merciful plan of the great Creator, there must needs be a power of resurrection, and the resurrection must needs come unto man by reason of the fall; and the fall came by reason of transgression; and because man became fallen they were cut off from the presence of the Lord.

I've stewed over this passage for many years. It has the basic premise that death is an integral part of the plan of salvation, but it doesn't say why.

Death is the separation of our spirit from our body; death initiates the end of this life and the beginning of the next life. But why can't there be some other mechanism of passage from mortal life to the spirit world?

We actually know that there is another way: translation, like the city of Enoch. Why aren't we all just automatically moved from earth to the spirit world?

Why is death a vital piece of God's plan? Why isn't there some other mechanism that fulfills the same role?

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I like your question. It's very well thought-out. Though, I find difficulty with the Book of Mormon, because the Book of Mormon is said to be written in Reformed Egyptian. Since no one has access to Reformed Egyptian (except Joseph Smith), I believe that we can only answer the question using Mormon tradition, preferably mainstream LDS tradition. –  Anonymous Aug 12 '13 at 1:06
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@Anonymous -- That's fitting, though, since he is asking this whole question in the context of LDS theology. –  Matt Aug 12 '13 at 1:18
    
@Matt The problem with the Book of Mormon is that it may be more difficult to find reliable academic sources. The Bible is studied in academia in public and private universities; the Book of Mormon is not, because the original language of the text is not accessible for people to critique and criticize. –  Anonymous Aug 12 '13 at 1:28
    
@Anonymous Of course. That's what makes LDS theology so interesting. The doctrine itself is the wall against which the Book of Mormon has to make its stand. On that thought, I'd be interested to see Biblical passages which help to answer this question, so that it can apply to a more general Christian audience. –  Matt Aug 12 '13 at 1:35
    
@Matt Can you explain your metaphor of the doctrine's being a wall against which the Book of Mormon has to make its stand? If I understand it correctly, Mormon scripture is to support the doctrine? Hmmm... in mainstream Christianity, I would think that the reverse is true. Even in Catholicism, there is prima scriptura. –  Anonymous Aug 12 '13 at 1:41

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Wow, this is a good question. I dove into the search tools on LDS.org and came up with a few things that you've probably seen already, but they were instructive for me.

It looks like the reason for death has directly to do with circumstances of the Fall.

In Alma 12:23-24, it says:

23 And now behold, I say unto you that if it had been possible for Adam to have partaken of the fruit of the tree of life at that time, there would have been no death, and the word would have been void, making God a liar, for he said: If thou eat thou shalt surely die.

24 And we see that death comes upon mankind, yea, the death which has been spoken of by Amulek, which is the temporal death; nevertheless there was a space granted unto man in which he might repent; therefore this life became a probationary state; a time to prepare to meet God; a time to prepare for that endless state which has been spoken of by us, which is after the resurrection of the dead.

So death must come, among other reasons, because God said so. Is there yet a reason behind that? I don't know. There's certainly lots to learn from death that may only be accomplished by having death. For instance, how does knowing that we will die affect how we live?

Or, would it fair to say, that since Adam and Eve became even as gods through the Fall, knowing good from evil, and comprehending opposites, that life/birth must have its opposite, being death?

We've also got Alma 22:14:

14 And since man had fallen he could not merit anything of himself; but the sufferings and death of Christ atone for their sins, through faith and repentance, and so forth; and that he breaketh the bands of death, that the grave shall have no victory, and that the sting of death should be swallowed up in the hopes of glory; and Aaron did expound all these things unto the king.

Although we aren't all translated, if we're righteous, the sting of death is swallowed up in Christ (1 Cor. describes the sting as sin).

Besides, if all people were just translated/taken up instead, I think that kind of death wouldn't cause us to search for something more to life. Dying has a purpose in urging us to consider our state of being and our standing with God, or even to search for God, while we yet live. This thought is mostly philosophical, but even prophets use this reasoning to convince us to "consider our ways," (Haggai 1:5) and "turn again to the Lord" (Lamentations 3:40).

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Eh... good enough. At least it answers the questions or has the intention to. Still, I never knew you could explain scripture with scripture. –  Anonymous Aug 12 '13 at 1:35
    
@Anonymous Thank you. 2 Timothy 3:16-17: "All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness: That the man of God may be perfect, throughly furnished unto all good works." –  Matt Aug 12 '13 at 1:43
    
I'm not sure the quoted verse is a reply to my comment. –  Anonymous Aug 12 '13 at 1:52
    
@Anonymous As in, we can use all scripture to learn doctrine and instruction (I think implied even if the source is other scripture). –  Matt Aug 12 '13 at 1:54
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<mod notice> Lets try to avoid ongoing topical discussions in comments please. Please use them primarily to request clarification on or otherwise improving questions and answers. The standard feedback mechanism from the OP should be to edit to clear up the issue inline in the original post. Ongoing topical discussions should be taken to Christianity Chat or new full fledged questions about the relevant doctrine/practice. –  Caleb Aug 17 '13 at 11:43

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