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My question, in strict propriety, is specifically what kind of relationships are defined as incestuous in Christianity?

I am guessing that it is forbidden to marry one's parents/children or siblings but what about other relations like first cousins. I would appreciate some sort of a reference to maybe a specific passage in Christian holy scriptures. Is this something specifically commanded by God explicitly, listing forbidden relations? Or is it some sort of an interpretation done later by a scholar which is widely accepted today?

And I am talking about Christianity in general encompassing all of its sects. Do different sects have different rules?

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Relevant: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leviticus_18#Incest –  Andrew Leach Jul 23 '13 at 22:22
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@DavidStratton Allow me to suggest that this is not a duplicate. Maybe 80% of it is covered, but the other question covers this only incidentally while trying to get at another issue. This one is quite a bit broader. –  Caleb Jul 24 '13 at 7:08
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Have you even TRIED searching for a passage? –  Juann Strauss Jul 24 '13 at 9:54
    
@caleb is right again. I retracted my vtc. the one remaining is someone else's. –  David Stratton Jul 25 '13 at 4:17

1 Answer 1

up vote 7 down vote accepted

First, a timeline.

The prohibition on incest was not given until well after creation. At least as far as traditions that believe Genesis to be a historical account are concerned, Adam and Eve were the first two humans on earth, they procreated, had a whole bunch of sons and daughters, some of which paired. For more on this see:

Did Adam and Eve's Progeny Commit Incest?

There was actually another bottleneck in the human family tree much later at the time of Noah. While Noah's direct offspring brought their spouses along for the ride, his grandchildren would have been limited to marrying each other, so cousins if not siblings.

The commands about not marrying family relations that were too close didn't come for another couple thousand years, about the time of the Mosaic law that was to govern Israel after they were taken out of Egypt.

The prohibition is later affirmed and renewed in various places and still in effect today and won't be changed again.

So who's included?

There is a run down of relationships that are considered too close or otherwise off limits here:

Leviticus 18:6-18 (ESV)
“None of you shall approach any one of his close relatives to uncover nakedness. I am the Lord. You shall not uncover the nakedness of your father, which is the nakedness of your mother; she is your mother, you shall not uncover her nakedness. You shall not uncover the nakedness of your father's wife; it is your father's nakedness. You shall not uncover the nakedness of your sister, your father's daughter or your mother's daughter, whether brought up in the family or in another home. 10  You shall not uncover the nakedness of your son's daughter or of your daughter's daughter, for their nakedness is your own nakedness. 11  You shall not uncover the nakedness of your father's wife's daughter, brought up in your father's family, since she is your sister. 12  You shall not uncover the nakedness of your father's sister; she is your father's relative. 13  You shall not uncover the nakedness of your mother's sister, for she is your mother's relative. 14  You shall not uncover the nakedness of your father's brother, that is, you shall not approach his wife; she is your aunt. 15  You shall not uncover the nakedness of your daughter-in-law; she is your son's wife, you shall not uncover her nakedness. 16  You shall not uncover the nakedness of your brother's wife; it is your brother's nakedness. 17  You shall not uncover the nakedness of a woman and of her daughter, and you shall not take her son's daughter or her daughter's daughter to uncover her nakedness; they are relatives; it is depravity. 18  And you shall not take a woman as a rival wife to her sister, uncovering her nakedness while her sister is still alive.

There are also related reiterations of this in Leviticus 20:11-21, Deuteronomy 22:30, and Deuteronomy 27:20-23.

Basically we have:

  • No parents (including inlaws or anyone intimate with parents)
  • No children (or anyone intimiate with them, son inlaw, dauther inlaw, etc)
  • No siblings (including half siblings)
  • No grandchildren (or any other level of offspring)
  • No aunts, uncles (or their intimates)
  • No inlaws (brother inlaw, sister inlaw)

Also included here is having relationships with someone who is any of these connections to somebody you've been intimate with - with a notable exception for siblings if the original parter is diceased. In other words if your wife dies, marrying her mother (or daughter even if the child isn't yours) is not an option, but if she had a sister you could marry her. Another case worth mentioning is Levirite marriage where marrying your siblings spouse is allowed in the vent your sibling has died.

Notably absent from the list of specifically prohibited relationships is first-cousins. Some people make the case that these would be covered in the more umbrella statement of Lev 18:1 where "any close" (litterally blood) relatives are off limits. Another factor to consider here is that it is illegial in some states and countries, a factor Christians usually consider binding (although they may not consider all things allowed by the state as permissable, they usually consider those prohibited by the state as off limits). The same social taboos about first-cousins that exist in the West are not nearly as strong in the Middle East. How Christians view that case in practice, at least to some extent, mirrors the cultural understanding.

That this assortment of off-limit relationships was still expected of Christians in the New Testament can be seen here:

1 Corinthians 5:1 (ESV)
5 It is actually reported that there is sexual immorality among you, and of a kind that is not tolerated even among pagans, for a man has his father's wife.

Are these views consistent across sects?

Almost, but not quite.

As I mentioned above, there is some variation in understanding when it comes to doubtful cases not specifically listed above such as first-cousins or step siblings:

Does the bible prohibit marriage among step siblings?

However the differences in understanding tend to be isolated more to regions than to sects.

There are of course a number of small sects with very different views on family relationships in general. (See LDS, it's sects and polygamy). However as a broad generalization incest is widely defined in roughly the same way as above, partly because the Scriptural prohibition is so specific.

Summary

Christians generally consider incest to cover a wide variety of family relationships.

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+1. In addition, the requirement to obey the governing authorities, in conjunction with increasingly strict consanguinity laws, means first cousins are out, and have been for some time. –  Adrian Keister Jul 24 '13 at 12:06
    
What about two brothers marrying 2 sisters? In my church there was a case like this and it was considered sinfull and everyone looked down on them although I can't think of any possible biblical or scientific reason for this. –  Fofole Jul 24 '13 at 13:16
    
@Fofole There isn't any mention of that specific arrangement in Scripture, I don't see that it would logically fall in a similar category as any of the other prohibitions, but it would weird a lot of people out, more due to cultural sensitivities than religious. –  Caleb Jul 24 '13 at 15:30
    
Why should it weird anyone out? I'm sure it has been and is an extremely common pattern in the world, and for obvious reasons (similar ages, a means to play matchmaker within two good families, even similar tastes in partners). –  Chelonian Jul 24 '13 at 17:52
    
@Chelonian Extremely common pattern eh? How many such pairs of couples do you personally know? I rest my case. That's why it would weird some folks out. –  Caleb Jul 24 '13 at 17:56

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