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Known:

The seraphim, possibly among the most powerful of created beings, cover their face in the presence of God:

Isaiah 6:2 Above it stood the seraphim: each one had six wings; with twain he covered his face, and with twain he covered his feet, and with twain he did fly.

For Christians, one of the highest (if not the highest) privilege of heaven is seeing the glory of God.

http://www.desiringgod.org/resource-library/books/god-is-the-gospel--2

Question:

Satan -- before his fall -- did he observe the glory of God?

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I don't know that seraphim are the most powerful of angels. Matter of fact, they are never called angels in the Bible, and angels are never described in the Bible as having wings. Their roles are entirely different. –  Steve May 28 '13 at 13:14
    
Steve: you're right. I've edited the question. Is it more accurate now? (If not, please let recommend edits.) –  user4406 May 29 '13 at 7:25
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up vote 6 down vote accepted

Short answer: We don't know.

Speculation: Yes, Satan saw the Glory of God but not necessarily the face of God.

There are two famous verses believed to describe the history of Satan;

Isaiah 14:12-15 and Ezekiel 28:12-18.

Ezekiel described him as a Cherub. Isaiah called him "Morning Star". According to Wikipedia Seraphim are the closest to God and of the highest class, Cherubs are the next. According to Ezekiel, the wicked Cherub (Satan) possessed wisdom, beauty and perfection. The mighty Cherub became proud of his beauty which led to his downfall.

According to Isaiah the mighty angel was cast out of Heaven due to his wicked intention to become like God. He said "I will make myself like the Most High". This could mean that Satan, before his fall, saw the glory of God, His power, His dominion, and Satan wanted all of that for himself. Then, the rebellious angel was cast out of Heaven.

The Seraphs are found only in Isaiah 6:2. They are always praising God and are the nearest to God but they never looked at God face to face, they always cover their faces. Though they are highest class of angels, they dare not look at God. Therefore, we may conclude that even the mighty Cherub (Satan) might never have seen the face of God.

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2Co 4:6 For God, who commanded the light to shine out of darkness, hath shined in our hearts, to give the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ.

Mar 1:24 Saying, Let us alone; what have we to do with thee, thou Jesus of Nazareth? art thou come to destroy us? I know thee who thou art, the Holy One of God.

Joh 17:4 I have glorified thee on the earth: I have finished the work which thou gavest me to do. Joh 17:5 And now, O Father, glorify thou me with thine own self with the glory which I had with thee before the world was.

Yes according to Bible literalist Satan absolutely both before and after the fall saw Jesus and God's Glory is seen in the face of Jesus. Unless you want to argue the demons recognised the Master by a spiritual attribute or say his feet then even before the incarnation they knew the face of the Master.

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[citation needed] You make an absolute statement as if Christianity had a clear doctrine on this issue yet you cite nothing that shows that this is what any Christian tradition teaches. Who does and who doesn't hold this view? –  Caleb Jun 29 '13 at 9:34
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