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I've heard it said that Paul wrote other letters that didn't make it into the Bible, including at least one more letter to the church at Corinth, and a letter to the church at Laodicea. What is the source for these claims, and what might have happened to these letters?

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There were many written works by the apostles and other early church leaders that did not "make the cut" when the Bible was canonized a few centuries after Christ's death. However, since I am a poor historian and cannot cite the source for this general claim nor the specific ones you mention, I leave this as a comment and not an answer. –  Daniel Standage Sep 1 '11 at 5:05
    
You might rephrase the question and ask if any theologian of standing thinks that Paul did not write the letters attributed to him. –  Waeshael Jun 22 '13 at 21:35
    
@Waeshael: That's an entirely different question, but it's probably worth asking. –  Bruce Alderman Jun 22 '13 at 23:22
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I've heard it said that the original letter to the Corinthians was lost. Making 1 Corinthians actually 2 Corinthians etc. It's only a rumour –  Matt Nov 27 '13 at 4:35
    
@Matt: it's not a rumour, see my answer. –  Wikis Nov 29 '13 at 21:18

4 Answers 4

up vote 13 down vote accepted

Paul certainly wrote other letters, but they were either lost or were not theological. For example, 1 Corinthians 16:3:

Then, when I arrive, I will give letters of introduction to the men you approve and send them with your gift to Jerusalem.

Regarding one more letter to Corinth, that is the implication in 1 Corinthians 5:9 when he refers to an earlier letter:

I wrote to you in my letter not to associate with sexually immoral people.

Finally, it is worth noting that all genuine letters by Paul could be identified by people at the time as he ended them in his own writing (rather than dictating). 2 Thessalonians 3:17 says:

I, Paul, write this greeting in my own hand, which is the distinguishing mark in all my letters. This is how I write.

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We have no extant letters of Paul that are not part of the canon (regardless of theological content) - that could be more explicit in your answer. –  gmoothart Sep 1 '11 at 17:59
    
@gmoothart: I don't know what you mean. Is that not covered by my first sentence? –  Wikis Dec 9 '11 at 20:23
    
The "or" in your first sentence implies that some of Paul's letters which were not lost were nevertheless excluded from the canon because they were "not theological". This is not the case. –  gmoothart Dec 10 '11 at 18:45
    
@gmoothart: ah, I understand now, thanks. How about, "...they were lost and were therefore probably not theological."? BTW, apologies for the delay in responding, I just missed your original comment. –  Wikis Dec 10 '11 at 19:26

Most modern scholars will point to some letters that were not written by Paul contributed to him and the other respondents above have pointed out there were letters that were not included. It is very possible there are Vatican controlled archives that contain letters attributed to Paul that were probably too late to have been of his authorship like Timothy letters. These pseudo Paul letters likely supported ideas that the canonical fathers did not want circulating about anymore. There is a real possibility that there are somewhere extant letters Paul dictated that would be intriguing to find, but I doubt they would really do nothing more than give a little insight as to some specifics of what was happening in the early churches or Paul's evolution? of thought and faith.

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Interesting information. Perhaps you have a source or two for some of this. Click edit to add them in. –  fredsbend the Grinch Oct 12 at 23:16

According to John MacArthur in his sermon titled Saved or Self-Deceived (available on YouTube here), he says Paul wrote two more letters to the church of Corinth (about 19 minutes into the sermon).

He explicitly says that they were not included in the Bible. "..a church to which by the time he writes 2nd Corinthians he's already written three other letters, 1st Corinthians and two other letters that aren't in Scripture." John Mac Arthur. As one of the most authentic bible scholars of our time, I would take his word for it.

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This is pretty good. Can you add a link or footnote to your reference? –  David Stratton Nov 26 '13 at 22:30
    
Hey David, please follow the link and hear the sermon. MacArthur makes the statement after 20 minutes of play but to get a clear picture start from 19 minutes. Or you can just listen to the whole sermon if you wish. youtube.com/watch?v=0lRkU4KrURI –  Chisomo Tembo Nov 27 '13 at 0:00
    
Thank you. I edited that into your answer. By the way, welcome to the site! This next has nothing to do with the quality of your answer, it's just standard to help new visitors avoid misunderstanding the site (as I did at first.) As a new visitor, I'd recommend checking out the following two posts, which are meant to help newcomers "learn the ropes": help page and How we are different than other sites? –  David Stratton Nov 27 '13 at 0:20

If he did, it would probably have been listed on newadvent's Patristic writing's page alongside:

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That's assuming the document is still extant. –  Affable Geek Mar 9 '12 at 13:55

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