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In the 40 days after the Resurrection and before his Ascension, Jesus appears and disappears to people, including his disciples.

He also is not recognizable by some of his followers including Mary Magdalene at certain occasions until he identifies himself.

Is there any evidence or reason given on how Jesus' human form has now been enhanced with sprit-like powers?

Also - is there any information on whether Jesus stayed with his disciples or his mother during these 40 days, I've seen this question http://christianity.stackexchange.com/a/6585/999 but I think there isn't any such information?

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As it is worded, this is a truth question, which is out of scope for this site. Please review the faq and about pages. It would help to indicate which tradition you are looking for answers from (Protestant, Catholic, Mormon, etc.) –  Jas 3.1 Apr 11 '13 at 18:45
VTC: I think we need some direction here on what perspectives are being sought. (Christian creed or secular history? Baptist or Mormon? Catechism or Protestant Scripture?) –  Jas 3.1 Apr 11 '13 at 23:19
@Jas3.1 Is there any reason to believe that Christianity would not agree on this issue? –  Alypius Apr 12 '13 at 2:36
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2 Answers

up vote 13 down vote accepted

Probably the most definitive verse on this is in Luke:

36 While they were telling these things, He Himself stood in their midst and said to them, “Peace be to you.” 37 But they were startled and frightened and thought that they were seeing a spirit. 38 And He said to them, “Why are you troubled, and why do doubts arise in your hearts?

39 See My hands and My feet, that it is I Myself; touch Me and see, for a spirit does not have flesh and bones as you see that I have.” 40 And when He had said this, He showed them His hands and His feet. 41 While they still could not believe it because of their joy and amazement, He said to them, “Have you anything here to eat?” 42 They gave Him a piece of a broiled fish; 43 and He took it and ate it before them. Luke 24:36-42 NASB

Here Jesus affirms that a spirit does not have flesh and blood, but He Himself does. To prove it, He tells His disciples to touch Him. Then He provides another proof by taking a piece of broiled fish and eating it. This is further proof because spirits do not and cannot eat physical food.

These appear to be just two of the many convincing proofs Luke mentions in the first chapter of Acts:

To these He also presented Himself alive after His suffering, by many convincing proofs, appearing to them over a period of forty days and speaking of the things concerning the kingdom of God. Acts 1:3 NASB

So, no, Jesus was not merely a spirit. His resurrection was a bodily resurrection. However, just as before the resurrection, He was Lord of Creation and could do miraculous things.

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Incidentally, the heresy of Gnosticism has it's roots in the concept that Jesus didn't physically resurrect, but rather resurrected in Spirit only, leading to their belief that the body is bad, and the spirit is good, and thus it doesn't matter what you do in the body. –  David Morton Apr 11 '13 at 16:19
@DavidMorton I think you got that backwards... Gnosticism had its roots in the Platonic dualism of material and spiritual, and applied that to Christianity, thereby concluding that Jesus could not have resurrected physically. As a separate application of their beliefs, some took the dualism to "it doesn't matter what you do in the body", but others took it to "you must reject the impulses of the body". –  Jas 3.1 Apr 11 '13 at 19:30
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Paul describes what a body of flesh and bone is in Ephesians 5:30.

For we are members of his body, of his flesh, and of his bones.

This is the kind of body that Jesus resurrected into. This isn't just a spiritual body only, but it also has flesh. The flesh component is from the members of the body that the spirit of Jesus dwells in. The conclusion you reach by taking Paul at his word is the disciples themselves were members of the resurrected body of flesh and bone that the spirit of Jesus dwelt in.

The reason it says He ate "cooked fish" was because the disciples he chose and sent out were to become "fishers of men". This was a symbolic way of saying that Jesus wanted His body of flesh and bone to grow and expand. His resurrection was the assembling of a body of flesh and bone to function as a tabernacle for the spirit of Jesus to live and act through. And, in the process, the members of this body also obtained spiritual life by way of the indwelling of the spirit of Jesus. It is a mutually beneficial symbiosis. They yielded their flesh to the spirit and will of Jesus and Jesus gave His spirit and eternal life to those still in the flesh.

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