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What message did Jesus Christ tried to give by comparing the Kingdom Of God(Isn't that Heaven?) with the mustard seed and yeast?

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Here Jesus teaches that He has come to prepare us for the kingdom of heaven (Matt. 13.31) and this kingdom of heaven has to be first created within us if we have to be partners of that kingdom. This kingdom is created within us by His message of Gospel which is simplest of all.

Luke 17:21 nor will they say, ‘Look, here it is!’ or ‘There!’ For indeed, the kingdom of God is in your midst.”

The Gospel message has immense potential to change the medium where it is taught: be it a person, or region or the world. That is what it has done to the world in spite of people severely prosecuting at the onset, the simpleton disciples of Jesus.

The quantity of yeast is minuscule compared to the whole dough, yet it makes full dough to rise with its unique effect. The size of a mustard seed is negligible compared to all other seeds yet it grows into a large plant.

So is the message of Gospel compared to works of other great thinkers and philosophers. It is in simple words and parables yet it is a goldmine full of wisdom and is understandable even to unlearned and lowly. It has the power to change the face of the world and it did. It has the power to win the wisest and make their wisdom appear to be foolish.

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Jesus was saying that the Kingdom of God has a huge effect on whatever it interacts with. That is, the effect is disproportionately large in comparison to what we mortals perceive the Kingdom of God to be.

The Kingdom of God refers to more than just Heaven. The Kingdom of God also includes his people, many of whom are still here on Earth.

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There are already two good answers here representing the typical interpretation of these parables, that the rapid growth of the mustard plant and yeast are pictures of the rapid growth of Christianity, so I'd like to offer a contrasting view: these parables are actually a warning about corruption within the Church.

This is a minority view (see sources below), and I realize that people much more gifted than I am have drawn out some wonderful lessons based on the standard interpretation, but I think the context and language of that passage of scripture actually point in another direction, while still being consistent with Jesus' other teachings about the Kingdom.

Context: these parables occur together in both Matthew 13 and Luke 13

  • In Matthew, these parables follow the parable of the Weeds ("tares"), which is a picture of false religion intermingled with true members of the kingdom (i.e. the "Invisible Church").
  • In Luke, Jesus speaks these parables immediately after confronting religious authorities who are "indignant" that he has healed a woman on the Sabbath.

Language: if we assume that certain symbols are used consistently throughout the Bible, a different picture starts to emerge.

  • Mustard seed plants don't grow into large, tall trees. One large enough for birds to nest in would be a monster.
  • Trees in the Bible can be a symbol of (evil) human governments. The tree Nebuchadnezzar saw in his vision (Daniel 4:10-16) is described similarly.
  • Birds of the air represented influence of "the evil one" in the parable of the Sower earlier in the same chapter (Matthew 13).
  • Taken together, the picture is of a church that has become so large and established that it is a roosting place for evil.

  • Yeast (or leaven) represents sin throughout the Bible (in the Law, Jesus' parables, Paul's letters)

  • Three measures of flour was the standard grain offering to God (Leviticus 14:10).
  • Then the full picture becomes one "mixing in even a small amount of sin corrupts an offering to God".
  • (Some commentaries go further, putting a lot of weight into the fact that it the yeast was "hidden" and that it was a woman who did it (!), but I don't find these convincing. There is such a thing as looking too closely at scripture.)

As other answers have already said Jesus taught that the Kingdom of God / Kingdom of Heaven (basically synonyms) is more than just Heaven (in the sense of an afterlife); it is a kingdom composed of everyone who submits to God's rule in their hearts -- in a word, the Church. However, when we look at Christ's followers across history (from a human perspective) we don't see a single unified kingdom -- we see a mess: "political intrigue, lust for power, intolerance, vain superstition, immorality, and greed" -- in other words, false religion.

We should take comfort therefore, that Jesus warned us from the beginning that His Kingdom would be intermingled with the influence of its enemies. And (if you will forgive a little preaching in this Q&A format), we should also put this into perspective by remembering that each of us is susceptible to hypocrisy, sin, and holding false ideas about God. If I want His Kingdom to spread on earth, I need to start by examining how fully that Kingdom really rules in my own life.

Sources:
http://www.blueletterbible.org/Comm/david_guzik/sg/Mat_13.html
http://www.blueletterbible.org/Comm/david_guzik/sg/Luk_13.html
Herbert Lockyer, All the Parables of the Bible, Zondervan, 1988, ISBN 0-310-28111-3, p. 185-196.

Full disclosure: while researching this answer, I've found that this interpretation seems to be typical only among (Dispensational?) Premilennialist teaching.

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Welcome to C.SE. Normally this is the place where we invite someone to read our FAQ to try to get a sense of how we're different than most forums. You, on the other hand, seem to have gone directly to the head of the class. GREAT ANSWER! –  Affable Geek Apr 5 '13 at 19:14
    
It cannot be. You seems to be portraying a negative picture from a verse which was meant to tell us about a glorious future in spreading the Word of God. Kingdom of God cannot deteriorate into something bad. –  Seek forgiveness Apr 6 '13 at 9:58
    
@jayyeshu Indeed the Kingdom of God will endure, but it will endure despite false teaching, false prophets, and false religion in our midst. I did not mean to imply that the Kingdom of God will deteriorate, but rather that the glorious spread of the Good News will occur alongside growing corruption and false teaching. See for example, the warning in Matthew 7:21-23 and also the parable of the weeds (Matthew 13:24-30). –  Luke Ritchie Apr 8 '13 at 16:52
    
@LukeRitchie My view is: That which is bad cannot be part of kingdom of God. Everything is good in kingdom of God simply because it is defined as kingdom of God. It cannot be a mixture of bad and evil.Here mustard seed and yeast are like source and catalyst respectively for kingdom of God. They cannot be agents or sources for that which is bad that comes later on. –  Seek forgiveness Apr 9 '13 at 4:19
    
False teaching, false prophets, and false religion cannot sprout from those sources which are good but they sprout from sources which are bad. Good will come from Good source and Bad will come from Bad source. Good and bad cannot come from same source. That which is bad is from Evil one and those two references which you have quoted are telling us this. If you are thinking in terms of different denominations that we have then please read this answer –  Seek forgiveness Apr 9 '13 at 4:27

The Kingdom of God is NOT EXACTLY a place in every parable that has this line. It is the reign or kingship of God, God who rules, rather than a place where God rules.

The Parable of the Mustard Seed signifies the kingdom/reign of God's sudden and surprising transformation from its almost invisible beginning to its full grandeur. It's described to be dynamic or active.

The Parable of the Yeast explains that like the yeast, the reign of God transforms human history by infusing into its activity the invisible spirit of and power of God. The Universal expansion of the reign of God expects not necessarily an acceptance by all but a universal disturbance created in the world by those who do accept. This is a disturbance like that of the leaven that cause the dough to rise. The KOG is the yeast, God is the baker, and we (man) are the dough. It is described as transformative because it allows us to change for the better, so we should do good things from the heart.

I read it from my school textbook by the way.

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Welcome to the site! This next has nothing to do with the quality of your answer, it's just standard to help new visitors avoid misunderstanding the site (as I did at first.) As a new visitor, I'd recommend checking out the following two posts, which are meant to help newcomers "learn the ropes": the help page and How we are different than other sites? –  David Stratton Jan 10 at 12:02
    
Welcome as well! For completeness, do you mind adding the name of the textbook you used as your source? –  Ryan Frame Jan 10 at 20:31

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