What were some reasons why Pope Clement V left Rome and relocated to Avignon, France?
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From the Wikipedia entry on the 'Avignon Papcy,' aka the Babylonian Captivity:
The kingdom of Arles was not part of France at the time, and actually owed fealty to the pope and not the king of France. At the time it was also part of the Holy Roman Empire. However, it was very close to France.