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The Apostles' Creed is perhaps the oldest statement of faith in the Christian tradition. Is there any evidence that it was used by Jesus' first followers? If not, when did it originate?

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It was a creed that was developed by the early church. It came into existence after the age of the apostles. However, it finds its biblical basis in the apostles.

From here, in its current form more likely post-Nicene Creed in the early 4th Century AD. From here, it sounds like it was a later form of the Old Roman Creed.

The Nicene Creed (since that's the next question), was first formed at the Councel of Nicea in 325 AD; while the Old Roman Creed was probably founded before that (in the 2nd century).

However, having said all of this, it seems that exact the origins are unknown. But it seems that this was definitely not something directly from the apostles.

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It being called 'the Apostles Creed' is a bit part in Christian lexical warfare, much as 'the Athanasian Creed' is not from St. Athanasius. Also, it's 'Creed'! The Nicene (sans the part about the Holy Spirit) is the oldest verifiable creed aside from creed-like statements in some of the epistles. – user304 Aug 31 '11 at 16:52

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