The Apostles' Creed is perhaps the oldest statement of faith in the Christian tradition. Is there any evidence that it was used by Jesus' first followers? If not, when did it originate?
It was a creed that was developed by the early church. It came into existence after the age of the apostles. However, it finds its biblical basis in the apostles.
The Nicene Creed (since that's the next question), was first formed at the Councel of Nicea in 325 AD; while the Old Roman Creed was probably founded before that (in the 2nd century).
However, having said all of this, it seems that exact the origins are unknown. But it seems that this was definitely not something directly from the apostles.