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It seems that a lot of misunderstanding of the Bible comes from scripture being taken out of context. What are some other rules or guidelines for taking a literal or first interpretation (like 'Jesus wept'), or figurative or second interpretation (like most of Revelations)?

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closed as primarily opinion-based by David Stratton, Dan, Flimzy, Mawia, James T Dec 17 '13 at 12:48

Many good questions generate some degree of opinion based on expert experience, but answers to this question will tend to be almost entirely based on opinions, rather than facts, references, or specific expertise.If this question can be reworded to fit the rules in the help center, please edit the question.

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This answer depends largely on your specific religious backgrounds. For example, the answer for Catholics is that you don't interpret the bible at all... you ask a priest. Other denominations will have different rules, creeds, or standard hermeneutics that govern interpretations. –  Joel Coehoorn Oct 18 '12 at 16:11
    
@JoelCoehoorn: maybe prior to second Vatican Council, but I don't remember any discouragement from interpreting Bible (but perhaps I'm just lucky not to meet certain people with pre-2nd Vatican attitudes; I'm in Catholic Church for less than three years, so it's possible). But I agree with you that denomination plays a big role here. –  Pavel Nov 24 '12 at 14:37
    
These 'rules' are called hermeneutics, and there's a whole site dedicated to their study (Biblical Hermeneutics) –  Dan Dec 17 '13 at 6:33

4 Answers 4

An important rule is "be humble." Recognize that your interpretation is likely to be wrong and certain to be incomplete. Be open to letting Holy Scripture change you.

A related rule is to study and interpret Holy Scripture in the company of others. You can gather in the flesh, and you can study in the company of scholars by reading their books.

Be as aware as you can of your own prejudices and spiritual blind spots as you engage with scripture.

Avoid using short "proof texts" and single translations. The more important the conclusion you draw from Holy Scripture, the broader the textual support you should enlist for your conclusion. Sometimes the one word that's most important to you doesn't mean precisely what you hope it means.

Let scripture fill you with joy.

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I concur. And avoid the "Message"... –  Coomie Sep 6 '11 at 2:35
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@Coomie: That's "The Message", not "Message" (Pedantic, I know, but it matters!). No need to avoid it, but if you read it, you MUST read the preface! It is not intended to be a study tool. –  Arafangion Mar 19 '12 at 4:46

Books can and have been written on this subject. Different traditions have different ways of interpreting the Bible.

  • The Catholic approach is that the Church interprets the Bible. Biblical interpretation requires careful study, deep knowledge, and the wisdom of the Holy Spirit. An average Christian is unlikely to have all of these, and can get themselves in real trouble by applying what they think the Bible means.
  • The Evangelical Protestant approach is that the Bible stands entirely on its own and that every individual Christian is responsible for interpreting it themselves - typically with the guidance of books, pastors and fellow-Christians, but with nobody else's interpretation being necessarily better than yours.
  • The approach of the Orthodox churches, and a number of Anabaptist groups, is that the church interprets scriptures in community. This is different from the Catholic approach, where the formal heirarchy of the church does the interpretation: in this approach groups of Christians gather together to interpret scripture to and for each other, submitting also to groups of those groups.

If you have Protestant leanings, and wanting to do your own interpretation (in a group or alone) there are whole classes of books written about this, collectively called "Introductions" (a misleading term - they are not in any way basic or primers). I recommend my personal favourite: "How to Read the Bible for All It's Worth"

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I think this is a great explanation, and I gave it my vote. However, as an Evangelical, I was a bit disappointed that you didn't attribute the "in community" to Evangelicalism. I think evangelicals have been influenced too often by American individualism, not biblical togetherness. But I believe that this trend is changing for the better. –  algebralives Oct 23 '12 at 3:51
    
I'd like to follow up on that with you It's not been my experience that Evangelicals, in general, believe that scriptures ought to be interpreted by the community. However most of my experience with Evangelicalism has been North American. –  DJClayworth Oct 23 '12 at 13:23
    
+1 A good selection of how the various ways the differing denominations interpret their own understandings of the bible. –  Monkieboy Oct 23 '12 at 16:36
    
@DJClayworth, no, I think you're right for the most part, but I do believe that communal aspects are emerging inside of Evangelicalism in North America. I think my comment was more a hope than a reality... maybe channeling the likes of Stanley Hauerwas. Regardless, stellar answer. –  algebralives Oct 23 '12 at 17:55
    
I'll look for Stanley Hauerwas. Any other names you want to mention would be welcome. –  DJClayworth Oct 23 '12 at 18:21

It's easy to take things out of context when the words that you use have different meanings then when they WERE first used. Not only has the Bible been translated into the English language, there has been thousands of years since the words were first used.

Hypothetically, if we spoke fluent Greek and Hebrew today we still wouldn't have the exact meaning of the words used during Biblical times. For example, the definition of Love in the English language today has one meaning. But the Greek's had four different definitions of that word.

Guideline One

In order to understand the context of which the passages were written in, you need to use the Scripture to define the Scripture. Thus start your Biblical studies by choosing a single word at a time and then finding all of the scripture that mentions that word. This way you'll begin to redefine your own meanings of the words with the definition formed from scripture.

Guideline Two

Empty your presumptions. You cannot accept anything that the Bible has to say if you're not willing to first loosen your own foothold on your beliefs. Most people are not willing to adjust their traditions when reading the Bible, they simple read the Bible and reinforce their own presumptions. Ignoring completely the verses that contradict their personal beliefs.

Guideline Three

If the Bible is true, as I believe that it is, then you cannot and will not understand the Scripture if you are not reborn. Thus, the reason that there are so many interpretations. In order to have the scripture opened up to you, you must first go to God in prayer and ask to be granted repentance. If you believe in Jesus then you will repent and accept Him as your Lord.

2 Timothy 2:25 (NIV) Opponents must be gently instructed, in the hope that God will grant them repentance leading them to a knowledge of the truth,

Acts 5:32 (NIV) We are witnesses of these things, and so is the Holy Spirit, whom God has given to those who obey him.”

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actually, the English word "love" has myriad meanings - as do many other English words: whereas, in most cases, the Greek and Hebrew words had only one or two well-defined and common usages. Specifically, there were several words for "love" in Greek - eros, philia, agape, storge : all of which have connotations in modern English, but as just one word rather than four –  warren Aug 23 '11 at 23:14
    
Ah, you cannot understand Scripture without being reborn? How then can you be reborn because (as I understand it) you have to understand Scripture to be able to? –  Jürgen A. Erhard Aug 29 '11 at 13:53
    
@jurgen Most people think that they understand the scriptures, but in reality they only understand the small picture of what they read without comprehending the full story. Once you're reborn, reading the Bible becomes a completely different story. –  Ecommerce Consultant Aug 29 '11 at 13:59
    
"Thus, the reason that there are so many interpretations". Being reborn and having the Holy Spirit is clearly important to understanding scriptures, but it certainly doesn't remove differences in interpretation. Reborn Christians can and do disagree over scriptures. –  DJClayworth Oct 22 '12 at 16:00

When interpreting the scriptures you must be sure to have all the facts that are available to ensure you understand what it is you are reading. The approach that you take when studying your bible is what will shape your understanding, so the best thing you can do is ensure your approach to your own bible studying is as effective as possible.

Here are the steps I take when I read the bible I:

Firstly take a few moments to pray and ask the Holy Spirit to be present with me and when I have managed to calm myself and can 'feel' the presence of the Holy Spirit I will then begin to read.

Secondly, and very importantly, I try and read a section entirely from beginning to end, rather than taking verses on their own because that is a sure way of taking a verse out of context too.

Thirdly, I will then try to imagine what the scripture would have meant to the people of the day and do a bit of research around that to be sure I have a good idea of the cultural significances and try to make myself aware of any other things which may be relevant through that research. Usually with a concordance, Strong's for example to be sure of the important words that have been translated in the text I am reading.

Fourthly, I will then try to understand how this can be relevant to me and my society today in modern times and then how it can be applied.

Finally, I would try to read in a few versions NKJV, ESV, AMP, NASB and others and maybe even the Message to be sure that I am not being confused. All in all I try to engage my spiritual and intellectual self and by inviting the Holy Spirit to be there to aid me in my learning.

Almost forgot, it is best to read a translation not an interpretation of the scriptures; also share what you read with other people to cross examine your understandings of the text. This will help you interpret the messages contained in the bible and how to apply them to your life more effectively.

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Don't know why someone downvoted this. These are great guidelines. –  Affable Geek Oct 22 '12 at 15:57
    
There is a difference between "How should scripture be interpreted" and "How should I approach my own personal Bible study". –  DJClayworth Oct 23 '12 at 13:24
    
If your personal bible study approach is skewed then the way you interpret will be skewed also. The interpretation can only come after you have studied, not before. –  Monkieboy Oct 23 '12 at 14:51
    
I don't disagree, but there is much more to interpreting the Bible than just this. –  DJClayworth Oct 23 '12 at 16:03
    
There is more to it than that, but not much more and nothing as important as how the study is actually undertaken. I agree that my initial answer did not explicitly detail my explanation but I have updated why I shared my own bible study technique which I would hope does add more value to my answer. –  Monkieboy Oct 23 '12 at 16:28

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