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"Arminius taught that Calvinist predestination and unconditional election made God the author of evil." -Wikipedia

I have heard Calvinism presented in a similar way, where God has designed everything - including evil - just the way it is, all for the maximization of His own glory.

My question is: Do Calvinists actually believe that God is the author of evil? Or is this a misunderstanding / strawman / caricature of Calvinism? (If it is, please elaborate.)

Please restrict the answers to the standard view of strict / classical / 5-Point Calvinists.

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No. God is not the author of evil, even for Calvinists. He might permit it, but he does not create it. –  Affable Geek Dec 6 '12 at 23:21
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It is an Arminian straw man. –  Affable Geek Dec 6 '12 at 23:21
    
If it is a straw man, explain how it is a straw man. –  Señor O Dec 7 '12 at 3:06
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2 Answers

up vote 6 down vote accepted

The Westminster Confession of Faith (the doctrinal standard for many Presbyterians), Chapter III, makes it clear that at least one well recognized portion of Calvinists firmly rejects the claim that God is the author of evil (emphasis added):

I. God from all eternity did by the most wise and holy counsel of his own will, freely and unchangeably ordain whatsoever comes to pass; yet so as thereby neither is God the author of sin; nor is violence offered to the will of the creatures, nor is the liberty or contingency of second causes taken away, but rather established."

Point VII might also be worth mentioning (emphasis added):

VIII. The doctrine of this high mystery of predestination is to be handled with special prudence and care, that men attending to the will of God revealed in his Word, and yielding obedience thereunto, may, from the certainty of their effectual vocation, be assured of their eternal election. So shall this doctrine afford matter of praise, reverence, and admiration of God; and of humility, diligence, and abundant consolation to all that sincerely obey the gospel.

This clearly shows that these Calvinists recognized such as a "high mystery" and vulnerable to careless interpretation and application.

On the "please elaborate" front, I think Calvinists are trying to embrace God's omnipotence, omniscience, and Goodness (and pancracy--all-ruling, "Almighty" in Revelation) while still recognizing the presence of evil in the world--all of which are strongly witnessed in Scripture. Accepting God's absolute sovereignty and goodness (so could not be the author of evil) and the presence of evil results in a logical problem that is resolved by assuming that the understanding of the terms is inadequate (i.e., mystery). This, of course, does not mean that one should reject one's partial understanding of the terms even when one does not yet know how they are reconciled.

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I removed my downvote because of your edit. The answer stands out much better now and you can't get more definitive than that. (The trouble with answers that are just quotations is that they don't help us achieve our goal of making it easier to find answers to questions about Christianity on the internet. Even something as subtle as bolding the relevant sentence, as you did, can make a big difference. Summarizing a quote in your own words is helpful too.) Thanks for the edit and explanation! –  Jon Ericson Dec 7 '12 at 21:50
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Again, Calvinism isn't monolithic in its views across the board.

Quote from Pen and Parchment article:

As I assumed, upon further investigation, Keathley’s assessment was correct: Sproul Jr. has simply taken Calvinism way too far. His father R.C. Sproul Sr., also a Calvinist, has been much more tentative and modest about the question of sin’s starting point; he basically concludes that this is a mysterious matter, stopping well short of attributing the origin of evil to God:

Herein lies the problem. Before a person can commit an act of sin he must first have a desire to perform that act. The Bible tells us that evil actions flow from evil desires. But the presence of an evil desire is already sin. We sin because we are sinners. We were born with a sin nature. We are fallen creatures. But Adam and Eve were not created fallen. They had no sin nature. They were good creatures with a free will. Yet they chose to sin. Why? I don’t know. Nor have I found anyone yet who does know” (Chosen by God [1986], p. 30).

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Hi Footwasher. I reformatted the answer to make the quotations more clear. Unfortunately, it's also more clear that this answer is little more than quotations. While it's great to quote your sources, Stack Exchange really works best when the answer includes some sort of explanation and not just copying material from elsewhere. Basically, we need to find ways to add value. –  Jon Ericson Dec 7 '12 at 21:46
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