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There are some legends that say that Peter traveled to Rome where he was martyred.

Is this legend true? Are there any historical accounts that support the legend? Are there any other theories about the later life of apostle Peter? Is there any historical evidence that he was bishop of Rome?

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It is generally accepted that Peter was crucified upside down in Rome. Tertullian and Origen attest to this.

From WikiPedia:

According to the 1911 Catholic Encyclopedia, St. Peter labored in Rome during the last portion of his life, and there ended his life by martyrdom.[17] The death of St. Peter is attested to by Tertullian at the end of the 2nd century, and by Origen in Eusebius, Church History III.1. Origen says: "Peter was crucified at Rome with his head downwards, as he himself had desired to suffer."[17] This is why an upside down cross is generally accepted as a symbol of Peter, who would not have considered himself worthy enough to die the same way as his Savior.[35]

Whether or not Peter was bishop of Rome is still debated, although it is a belief held by the Catholic church. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saint_Peter#Connection_to_Rome

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More than just Rome believes it: the Orthodox Church, and the Oriental Church, and the Anglican churches all attest to this. –  Ignatius Theophorus Jun 14 '13 at 18:52
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